Net Paper 2: IR Bilateral, Regional and Global Groups and Agreements in which India participates and/or harms India`s interests During the parallel session with the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum in Vietnam in November 2017, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau refused to sign the principle of the agreement and expressed reservations about the cultural and automotive provisions. The media in Australia, New Zealand and Japan, which strongly supported a rapid move towards an agreement, strongly criticized what they described as Canadian sabotage.  On 30 December 2018, the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) agreement came into force for six of the 11 signatory countries. CPTPP succeeds the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP); Although the United States initially agreed to join the TPP, the Trump administration withdrew from the agreement in 2017. Two-thirds of the provisions of the signed CPTPP are identical to the proposed TPP at the time the United States left the negotiation process. The chapter on SOEs remains unchanged and obliges signatories to share information on SOEs with the intention of addressing the issue of state intervention in the market. It contains the most detailed intellectual property standards for a trade agreement and protection against intellectual property theft against companies operating abroad.  On July 6, 2018, Japan became the second country to ratify the agreement.   In 2008, the United States announced that it would begin negotiations with several Pacific countries for TPP membership.
Following the participation of a number of other countries in the negotiations, the TPP was signed in February 2016. However, in January 2017, before the agreement came into force, President Trump withdrew from the agreement and said his administration intended to negotiate bilateral trade agreements with individual countries. The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), also known as TPP11 or TPP-11, is a trade agreement between Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam. It was born out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which never came into force because of the withdrawal of the United States. At the time of its signing, the 11 economies of national economies accounted for 13.4% of the world`s Gross Domestic Product (approximately $13.5 trillion), making the CPTP the third largest free trade area after GDP after the US-Mexico agreement, the European Single Market and possibly after the Comprehensive Regional Economic Partnership signed in 2020.