Sustainability studies of young democracies indicate that Haiti is one of the most vulnerable countries. The starting conditions, which are correlated with a reversal of democracy, include poor overall economic performance, low per capita income, a very distorted distribution of income and wealth, and weak political institutions that are struggling to impose control and balance on the executive11 The Government of Préval feels the pressure that poor economic performance is exerting on governments, amplified by the effects of the earthquake. The strong support of the international community must be effective in alleviating suffering and giving hope to help rebuild political and economic dynamism. The 2009 debate on raising the minimum wage sparked protests and political upropholds, a outrage that reflects the importance that the Haitian people must attach to the need for political responses to combat persistent poverty. There is little doubt that the non-adaptation of the minimum wage to inflation has severely undermined the purchasing power of most Haitians. The Haitian Congress has proposed that the minimum wage of 1.80 or $5.00 per day be more than doubled. President Préval`s advisers were divided on support for the increase, as employers argued that such significant cost increases could impose layoffs on workers and potentially bankrupt some businesses, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises.18 Other issues were highlighted under the TAINCAR program. First, the relationship between the autonomous nature of the ILO representative and the Haitian government is somewhat unclear. Although the Haitian ombudsman laboratory n. K.O.
considers his office to be full, the ILO works independently. Despite the cooperation agreement, this relationship has raised questions in the minds of various interest groups regarding the final authority on labour issues, in case differences of opinion arise. Another debate on the impact of basic labour standards in the HOPE II legislation appeared in a related issue. They correspond to those contained in the ILO declaration on fundamental principles and the right to work, which all members are obliged to respect. However, the status does not concern the ILO. In the absence of such a reference and/or language that specifically limits this understanding to the ILO Declaration and the eight fundamental conventions that support the declaration (as is the case with the working chapters of recent US free trade agreements), some have questioned the application of a broader application of other ILO conventions and jurisprudence in Haiti.